With the rising level of automobile Page Design, Web production, and its corresponding worldwide stocks based on the rapid industrialization in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, plus the rising demand in Eastern Europe, the proportion of textiles in a motor car is increasing in response to more stringent comfort and safety needs in industrialized countries like the USA,
Japan and Western Europe. Automobile textiles, non-apparel textiles, are widely used in vehicles like cars, trains, buses, aircraft, and marine vehicles. Hence, the term automobile textile means all textile components, e.g., fibers, filaments, yarns, and the fabric used in automobiles Icas Network.
Nearly two-thirds of the automobile textiles are for interior trim, i.e., seat cover, carpets, roof, and door liners. The rest is utilized to reinforce tires, hoses, safety belts, airbags, etc. It is projected that nearly 45 square meters of textile material are utilized in a car for interior trim (seating area, headlines, side panel, carpet, and trunk). According to a survey, the percentage
of textile in a motor car amounts to 2 percent of the overall weight of a car. Apart from this, visible textile components, eliminating hidden components such as in tires and composites, hoses, and filters, amount to 10-11 kg per vehicle in absolute terms. Industrial textiles are largely utilized in vehicles and systems, including cars, buses, trains, air crafts, and marine vehicles. In automobile textile industry, four types of fabrics are used, namely:
. Airbag fabrics
. Fabric used as a basis for reduction in weight of body parts
. Tyre cord fabrics
. Automotive upholstery and other textile fabrics used inside the vehicle
The airbag and seat belts used as safety measures are among the latest types of textiles in automobiles. They have a potential market for technical textiles with considerable scope for growth and development. Because of government legislation and consumer interest, the applications have been extremely successful over the last ten to fifteen years.
In the last decade, airbags or inflatable restraints have received noteworthy significance as a safeguard for the driver and the passengers in case of an accident. Initially, the bags were made for a head-on collision. Still, now, many other safety devices like side-impact bags, knee bolsters, side curtains, etc., are available for safety in any crash. Because
frontal collisions are a main reason for accidental deaths, airbags are being presented as a standard product in vehicles by legislation, which has given the quick increment of airbags business in the last decade. NHTSA and HHS report that airbag systems have played an important role in saving thousands of lives since 1985. In 2002 alone, a 20 percent reduction in fatalities resulting from fatal collisions was observed due to the airbag system.
In 1999, there were 55 million vehicles with 81 million airbags. In 2004, the number of frontal airbag units was nearly 100 million and the number of side-impact airbags nearly 65 million. In the same year, nearly 23 percent of the new vehicles in North America had side airbags for chest protection, and 17 percent had side airbags for head protection. By 2005, this has increased to 180 million airbags and 65 million vehicles.
Fabric application demand increased to 325 million square meters in 2005, and 83 tons of fiber, mostly nylon, have been used. The world airbag market is estimated to rise from 66 million units in 1996 to over 200 million units in 2006, a compound annual growth rate of 12 percent. Over this decade, Europe will put in 60 million units, Asia-Pacific 30 million units, and North America 24 million units.
While North American and Western European markets are growing, considerable development is also seen in the international market. New applications are developing for airbags, including rear-seat bags, inflatable seat belts, and an outside airbag system for pedestrians, new fab; newand combinations are being applied. The front and passenger bags have different requirements because of the distance from the occupant, but they both have rapid increment and deflation in a concise time span.
Rollover bags must remain inflated for five seconds. In addition to new uses, expected trends include lighter fabric for use with newer “cold inflators,” blended with materials like fabric and film, new coating polymers (Silicone now dominates, having replaced neoprene).
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