Introduction and Importance
Software development companies dedicate a substantial amount of resources and workforce to develop applications according to requirements specified by enterprises or individuals. However, after developing such applications/software, companies must ensure that the client’s requirements perform such software/applications.
To ensure that any bugs in the software are identified before the deployment, various testing procedures are implemented by the IT industry. The importance of this is directly related to the ability of software to measure up to its potential. If the new software is unable to perform the task, it was designed for.
The client might face severe losses due to the stoppage of work and also adversely affect the business of the software development company. The scope of these procedures is to facilitate the identification of a problem in the software; fixing such problems is not within the scope of software testing. Some of the leading methodologies implemented by companies in the IT industry include General, Load, Functional, and Regression Testing.
This refers to the general tests carried out on software/applications to ensure the functionality of the newly developed software. Some of the common tests included in standard Quality Assurance procedures are web performance and usability testing. The web performance testing procedure is mostly engaged in evaluating the online performance of a web-based software application or a website.
Usability testing is a mainly subjective approach, which ensures that the software can be utilized effectively in a given set of circumstances. The purpose is to identify the general operating capability of the software/application being tested and help developers determine some of the areas of improvement for the software. A software development company usually performs general testing of software/applications along with other more advanced methods to ensure that the software conforms to the pre-defined operational capabilities specified by the client/user group.
The load testing procedure simulates operating conditions of the software/application during periods of higher/normal load to gauge the effect of such changes on the functioning of the software/application. This is not the same as stress testing because load testing checks the operational capabilities in both normal load and high load conditions. In contrast, stress testing attempts to induce errors in normal operations by using increased system load. This is considered a type of non-functional testing, which software development companies undertake to gauge the multi-user support capabilities of the application.
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